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英语四级阅读高频考点:特殊标点处

来源: 沈阳朗思顿英语培训中心   作者:沈阳朗思顿英语培训中心   时间: 2015-12-10 13:38  
1. 引号
  1)尤其是当引号表示着重强调时
  如:
  They are using fewer of the very deferential “women’s” forms, and even using the few strong forms that are know as “men’s” .
  2)某人说的话,能够集中表达一个事实或观点时
  如:
  "If it's a loss [where] you're not getting to work, and family relationships are breaking down as a result, then it's too much." said Maressa Orzack, a Harvard University professor.
  例1(引号):Toebe also regularly visits a site where posters discuss Internet overuse. In August, when she first realized she had a problem, she posted a message on a Yahoo Internet addiction group with the subject line: "I have an Internet Addiction."(2010, 6, cet4)
  8. In one of the messages she posted on a website, Toebe admitted that she ______.;
  【答案】had an Internet Addiction
  【解析】首先分析结构可知,本空所填内 容是充当that宾语从句的谓语,主句的admitted表明谓语应用过去时。原文提到Toebe在雅虎的一个上网成瘾群里发了一条消息,引号中的内容为 这条小的的主题:“我有网瘾”。由此可知,Toebe承认自己“上网成瘾”。故答案根据时态要求进行修改为:had an Internet Addiction.
  2. 小括号
  小括号()中间加一个汉语注释,非常容易引起大家的注意。此处就不赘述。我们还是通过真题举例来看具体考察情况吧。
  例2:(小括号)The use of deferential (敬重的) language is symbolic of the Confucian ideal of the woman, which dominates conservative gender norms in Japan. This ideal presents a woman who withdraws quietly to the background, subordinating her life and needs to those of her family and its male head. She is a dutiful daughter, wife, and mother, master of the domestic arts. The typical refined Japanese woman excels in modesty and delicacy; she “treads softly (谨言慎行)in the world,” elevating feminine beauty and grace to an art form.
  57. The first paragraph describes in detail ________.
  A. the standards set for contemporary Japanese women
  B. the Confucian influence on gender norms in Japan
  C. the stereotyped role of women in Japanese families
  D. the norms for traditional Japanese women to follow
  【答案】D
  【解析】考点出处是第一段的总述话语,它介绍了日本女性在说话时使用敬语是女性完美标准的象征,其后面几句是对这种保守性别规范下女性美德的详细描述,所以正确答案为D。


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